Posts Tagged ‘database’

Posted by 6bytes at 27 December 2011

Category: Infographic

Tags: , , , , ,

What tools today’s web developers are using.

Infographic by BestVendor.

Posted by 6bytes at 7 April 2010

Category: MySQL

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Is your MySQL really slow without actually being too busy?
Does your scripts take very long time to connect to the database?
Do you have lots of RAM, strong CPU, just a little traffic and despite that a very long database response time?
Are you seeing connections with “unauthenticated user” while running show processlist in MySQL console?

mysql> show processlist;
+------+----------------------+-----------+----------+----------+------+-------+--------------+
| Id   | User                 | Host      | db      | Command   | Time | State | Info         |
+------+----------------------+-----------+----------+----------+------+-------+--------------+
| 2047 | unauthenticated user | localhost | myDB    | Connect   |   81 |       | NULL         |
| 2049 | unauthenticated user | localhost | myDB    | Connect   |   81 |       | NULL         |
| 2050 | unauthenticated user | localhost | myDB    | Connect   |   76 |       | NULL         |
...
+------+----------------------+-----------+----------+----------+------+-------+--------------+
131 rows in set (0.00 sec)

If you answered yes to any of the above questions your MySQL might have a problem with resolving connection’s host name.
When attempt is made for a new connection, MySQL tries to resolve the host name for that request. It takes the IP address and resolves it to a host name (using gethostbyaddr()). It then takes that host name and resolves it back to the IP address (using gethostbyname()) and compares to ensure it is the original IP address.
This might considerably increase connection time and slow down your whole application or produce show processlist result as above. You can easily solve this problem by disabling DNS host name lookups. In order to do this you need to run your mysqld with –skip-name-resolve option or add it to your my.cnf file like that:

[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve

After that running show processlist will result in “Host” column displaying only IP addresses instead of host names and the connection speed should be much faster.

Just keep in mind that also you have to change allowed hosts for your database users to proper IP addresses.