Archive for October, 2008

Posted by 6bytes at 29 October 2008

Category: Apache

Compressing CSS and JavaScript files will put a bit more load on the server but its worth doing as it will save you some bandwidth and your site will be delivered faster to your users/visitors.

Load mod_deflate

First you need to make sure you have mod_deflate module loaded.  Check you have this line in your httpd.conf file and if so, that it’s uncommented.  The line should look like this:

LoadModule deflate_module modules/mod_deflate.so

All following options can be put in httpd.conf file but just for keeping things organized I recommend creating a new file in the same folder called deflate.conf

Enable compression

To enable compression for everything type in the following:

SetOutputFilter DEFLATE

To enable compression only for certain types of files type in the following:

AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/xml text/css
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/javascript application/x-javascript

Compression level

Available levels are 1 – 9 meaning 1 – weakest compression using least resources and 9 – strongest compression using the most resources of the server.   All modern servers have no problem with handling level 9.

DeflateCompressionLevel 9

Old browsers

To exclude browsers not fully supporting compression type in the following:

BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html

Logs

Setting up a log file lets you know when and who requested your files as well as gives you information about how well your files were compressed.

DeflateFilterNote Input instream
DeflateFilterNote Output outstream
DeflateFilterNote Ratio ratio
LogFormat '"%r" %{outstream}n/%{instream}n (%{ratio}n%%)' deflate
CustomLog logs/deflate_log deflate

Result

If you’ve created deflate.conf file it should look something like that:


SetOutputFilter DEFLATE
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE text/html text/plain text/xml text/css
AddOutputFilterByType DEFLATE application/xml application/xhtml+xml application/rss+xml application/javascript application/x-javascript

DeflateCompressionLevel 9

BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4 gzip-only-text/html
BrowserMatch ^Mozilla/4\.0[678] no-gzip
BrowserMatch \bMSIE !no-gzip !gzip-only-text/html

DeflateFilterNote Input instream
DeflateFilterNote Output outstream
DeflateFilterNote Ratio ratio

LogFormat '"%r" %{outstream}n/%{instream}n (%{ratio}n%%)' deflate
CustomLog /var/log/deflate_log deflate

In your httpd.conf file add one line to include deflate.conf

Include /path/to/file/deflate.conf

Restart apache:

service httpd restart

If Apache starts without any problems your content should be compressed.

More detailed info can be found on Apache documentation here.

Posted by 6bytes at 18 October 2008

Category: Apache

When you want to patch your site or just make some amends its a good idea to close the site so that your visitors don’t see the mess you make while patching :)

You can easily do it using .htaccess file.  I assume you know basics of Apache mod_rewrite so I’m not gonna explain each line.

Options +FollowSymLinks
RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /

RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !^192\.168\.1\.1$
RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !^192\.168\.1\.2$
RewriteRule !holding_page.php|holding_page.jpg$ holding_page.php [R=307,L]

This line:

RewriteCond %{REMOTE_ADDR} !^192\.168\.1\.1$

specifies the IP address you want to let in to see your site.  You can add as many IP addresses as you want.

Last line:

RewriteRule !holding_page.php|holding_page.jpg$ holding_page.php [R=307,L]

specifies two files that can be accessed by anyone (holding_page.php and holding_page.jpg).  Everything else should be redirected to holding_page.php

We don’t want search engines to think we closed down our site.  That’s why the flag 307 which means a temporary redirect.